In this video from British Pathe, we see the Then Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shashtri, who arrives in Tashkent and meets Ayub Khan, then President of Pakistan. Lal Bahadur Shashtri, who held talks in the presence of Soviet mediators, finally signed the Tashkent Agreement, which annulled the bloody war between India and Pakistan on 10 January 1966. Shastri, however, never saw peace: the day after the agreement was signed, the Indian Prime Minister died of a heart attack without leaving Tashkent. Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s visit to Tashkent and the likelihood that he will meet Pakistani President Nawaz Sharif on the sidelines of a summit on his current trip are a useful reminder of the last time Central Asia hosted major Indo-Pak talks. 49 years of war between the neighbors in 1965, and although the conflict in Jammu and Kashmir did not resolve the conflict, it forced the engagement between the two superpowers of the time, the Soviet Union and the United States. In his book India and the United States: Estranged Democracies, Dennis Kux describes how the 1965 war left both India and Pakistan with a high number of casualties. “With the loss of 20 planes, 200 tanks and 3,800 troops, Pakistan did not seem to be taking advantage of a conflict it had started. A Security Council resolution did nothing to stop the fighting until the Soviet Union, with the support of the United States, intervened and invited the leaders of India and Pakistan in Tashkent to negotiate peace.