U.s.-Canada Air Quality Agreement

Maria Souza

Keywords: education, data collection and communication, standards, technology transfer, air quality/air pollution, research, emissions, long-distance air pollution, cross-border effects, air pollution (non-stationary sources), dispute resolution, pollution control, enforcement/compliance, air pollution (fixed sources), monitoring, ozone layer: large-scale air pollution, public participation, public health, ozone, renewable energy, cross-border effects, emissions trading, emissions, air/air, research, surveillance The Ozone Annex was included in the Canada-U.S. Air Quality Convention (December 2000) to combat cross-border air pollution that leads to high air quality. The long-term goal of the Ozone Annex is to achieve ozone quality standards in both countries. With regard to the cross-border pollution flows that cause ozone, the Ozone Annex obliges both countries to reduce their emissions of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds, precursors to ground-level ozone. As part of the agreement, the IJC calls for a public position every two years and sends a summary of comments to the governments of Canada and the United States to help them implement the agreement. Nothing in this agreement diminishes the rights and obligations of the parties in other international agreements that oppose them, including the rights and obligations contained in the Border Waters Treaty and the 1978 Great Lakes Water Quality Convention, as amended. Pollution, air quality, health, environment, measurements, research, changes, emissions. Air quality, pollutants, research and applications, networks, measurement methods, datasets. In 1991, the United States and Canada signed a cross-border air pollution agreement that allows pollutants emitted in one place to travel long distances, affecting air quality at their sources and many kilometres away.

The 1991 agreement resulted in a reduction in acid rain in the 1990s and was expanded in 2000 to reduce cross-border smog emissions under the Ozone Annex. keyword: coastal area management, data collection, text of the international treaty, inland waters, freshwater quality/fresh water pollution, pollution control, convinced that cross-border pollution can cause significant damage to natural resources of vital ecological, cultural and economic importance and to human health in both countries; whereas emissions of air pollutants from sources within their countries do not lead to significant cross-border pollution; whereas cross-border air pollution can be effectively reduced through cooperative or coordinated measures to control emissions of air pollutants in both countries; Recalling their efforts to control air pollution and improve air quality resulting from these efforts in both countries, the intention to address global atmospheric issues, such as climate change and stratospheric ocean depletion in other for a; Reaffirming Principle 21 of the Stockholm Declaration, which states that “in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, States have the sovereign right to use their own resources as part of their own environmental policy and have a responsibility to ensure that activities under their jurisdiction or control do not harm the environment of other states or territories outside “The United States and Canada committed to address cross-border air pollution issues in the 1991 International Aviation Agreement (AQA), a bilateral executive agreement.